Whilst on holiday in Crete, I was fortunate enough to visit an organic olive plantation. Here they produce beautiful rich, green cold-pressed #oliveoil. Some is flavoured with lemon peel and some with bitter orange peel (my favourite!)
We had a short tour of the production plant. This is small compared to the big, non-organic olive oil plants. The plantation has been in one family for many generations and what they don’t know about olives isn’t worth knowing! The oil is produced with love – the olives are stone ground, cold pressed and quickly bottled to preserve nutrients. Even the remaining stones and skins are dried and used as fuel.
The olive trees are only sprayed with a mineral powder and water. This deters the main pest – a fly which pierces the skin of the olive and thus allowing oxygen in. Due to the oxidation, the acidity in resulting olive oil is increased.
There has been much written about whether olive oil spoils when heated. The definitive answer is NO. To clarify, some of the nutrients may be lost but it does not become rancid/harmful/changed to trans fats. Greeks (and people in other olive-growing countries) use it for everything and always have done. The benefits of olive oil are in USING it – raw and heated.
The Mediterranean diet is a healthy one (although fast-foods are available) and olive oil plays its part. They eat lots of dairy – in the form of Feta cheese (at every meal!) and yogurt. I wasn’t on the mainland or in a very touristy area and didn’t see any “low-fat” anything. Phew.